Tuesday, May 1, 2012



Karachi is the largest and most populous city of Pakistan. Karachi is a metropolitan city and capital of Sindh province. It is the first capital of Pakistan also. Founder of Pakistan, Quai-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah belongs to this city.
People of this city called Karachiite.

Karachi is also called The City of Bright Lights and Mini Pakistan. Karachi got name of Mini Pakistan because people of almost all regions and parts of Pakistan are living in this city due to their businesses or employment. 

Postal and Telephone Dialing Code

NWD Dialing Code is 021 and postal code is 74200.
Mazar-e-Quaid Karachi

History of Karachi

Sindhi, Balochi and Makrani tribes founded this city and it was named as "Kolachi" after the name of a fisher woman Mai Kolachi. Initially it was a village of fishers. In 1720s this village was trading across the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf region. Soon after this sailors and fishermen of this village a fort for the protection of the population. This fort had 2 gates; Kharadar and Methdar.
In 1839 East India Company captured the fort. In 1840 Karachi became capital of Sindh. After independence of Pakistan in 1947, Karachi became capital of Pakistan.  

Geography of Karachi

Karachi covers an area of 3527 sq. km and have about 15 million population.
Karachi is located in the south of Pakistan, on the coast of the Arabian Sea. Most of the land consisted largely of flat or rolling plains, with hills on the western and Manora Island and the Oyster Rocks. 
Its geographic coordinates are 24°51′ N 67°02′ E. 

Economy of Karachi

Karachi is the industrial and financial hub of Pakistan. Karachi is the largest economy of Pakistan. Karachi collects a about 53% of the total collections of the Federal Board of Revenue.
There are many big industrial units of Steel, Textile, Automobiles and Pharmaceutical in Karachi. While Cottage Industry of Karachi is also a big and strong industry in Pakistan.
There are many large industrial zones in Karachi such as Karachi Export Processing Zone, SITE, Korangi, Northern Bypass Industrial Zone, Bin Qasim and North Karachi Industrial Estates.

Government Administration in Karachi

In 1853 Municipal Committee was formed and in 1933 Municipal Corporation was formed. In 1996 metropolitan was divided in 5 districts each with a municipal corporation. In 2001 city district government of Karachi was created and all 5 districts were merged in it. Again in 2011, City District Government of Karachi has been de-merged and Karachi Division was formed which has following five districts:
  1. Karachi East
  2. Karachi West
  3. Karachi Central
  4. Karachi South
  5. District Malir. 
City Nazim is the administrative of Karachi City.
There are also six military cantonments in Karachi which are administered by the Pak Army.

Towns in Karachi

The City-District of Karachi is divided into eighteen towns and 178 localities. These 18 CDGK Towns are Baldia Town, Bin Qasim Town, Gadap Town, Gulberg Town, Gulshan Town, Jamshed Town, Keamari Town, Korangi Town, Landhi Town, Liaqatabad Town, Lyari Town, Malir Town, New Karachi Town, North Nazimabad Town, Orangi Town, Saddar Town, Shah Faisal Town, SITE Town.

Universities and Colleges in Karachi

Karachi has one of the highest literacy rates in Pakistan. There are many universities, colleges and schools in Karachi. Following is a list of universities and famous colleges of Karachi:
  • University of Karachi
  • NED University of Engineering and Technology
  • National University of Computer and Engineering Sciences
  • Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology
  • Dawood College of Engineering and Technology
  • Karachi Institute of Economics and Technology (KIET)
  • Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan (ICAP)
  • KANUPP Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering (KINPOE)
  • Institute of Business Administration (IBA)
  • Institute of Business Management (IoBM)
  • Aga Khan University
  • Bahria University
  • Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutoo Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST)
  • Jinnah University for Women
  • Dow University of Health Sciences
  • Hamdard University
  • Iqra  University
  • Institute of Business and Technology (BizTek)
Following three are the major Islamic Institutes in Karachi:
  • Jamia Uloom ul Islamia
  • Jamia Binoria
  • Dar ul Uloom 


Karachi is well connected with other cities of Pakistan through all means of transportation; Road, Rail and Air. There is also a seaport airport for international transportation of people and freight.
Huge traffic is one of the biggest problems of this city. New roads, bridges and flyovers are developed and more are being developed to solve the traffic problem in the city of Karachi.
City Railway Station and Cantt. Railway Station are two busiest railway stations of Karachi which provide transportation services to huge number of people daily.
Jinnah International Airport is Pakistan's Biggest Airport and it is located in Karachi which is used for domestic and international flights.
A very large port, Karachi Port is located in Karachi while Port Qasim is also located near Karachi.


Many News, Entertainment, Business and Islamic TV Channels and FM Radio Stations are based in Karachi.
Many daily newspapers, weekly and monthly periodicals also published here in Karachi.
There are also many TV and Film Production Houses in Karachi. 

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